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Bulgaria is situated on the Balkan Peninsula, in south-eastern Europe. It is bounded by Romania on the north, by the Black Sea on the east, by Turkey and Greece on the south, and by the Republics of Macedonia and Yugoslavia on the west is an extremely attractive center for tourism with its numerous resort areas and favorable climate. The 378 km long coastal strip with wonderful beaches and sand offering more than 120 sunshine pleasantly warm days. The Bulgarian mountains are perfect for winter sports. Bulgarian resorts offering a high quality service with reasonable prices.

Today, the coast is best known for the modern beach resorts of Golden Sands, Albena and Sunny Beach, and the historic settlements of Sozopol and Nessebar. The resorts annually attract hundreds of thousands of visitors, mainly package tourists from Western Europe and the former Soviet Union.

But the 380-kilometer-long coast offers much more than just resort hotels and sandy beaches. The topography is surprisingly diverse. The north is distinguished by pink limestone and sandstone cliffs, while inland the flat Dobrudzha plain constitutes one of the country's major agricultural areas. The middle coast is mountainous and densely forested, as the eastern end of the Balkan range extrudes here. The southern coast is similarly hilly and forested, the shoreline full of shallow inlets, small bays and protected coves. Two large rivers, the Kamchia and the Ropotamo, are designated nature reserves, their lush jungle-like environs supporting a wealth of flora and fauna.

First-time visitors to Bulgaria are invariably struck by the country's natural beauty and, especially, by the predominance of spectacular mountains. In fact, Bulgaria boasts the tallest peak, 2,925-meter Mt. Moussala, in Europe between the Alps and the Trans-Caucusus mountain ranges.

Bulgaria's half-dozen mountain groups range from the gently rounded contours of the Rhodopes in the south to the jagged peaks of the Rila and Pirin mountain ranges. The Pirin National Park, included on the list of UNESCO-protected World Cultural and Natural Heritage sites, attracts hikers, skiers, climbers and spelunkers, as well as the less physically inclined who are drawn to the natural spas and mineral springs.

Population (July 2001 est.): 7,707,495.
Growth rate (July 2001 est.): -1.14%.Area: 110,994 sq. km. (slightly larger than Tennessee).
Major cities: Capital--Sofia (1.2 million).
Others--Plovdiv (350,000), Varna (300,000).
Ethnic groups (1998): Bulgarian 83%, Turkish 8.5%, Roma 2.6%, and others.
Religions (1998): Bulgarian Orthodox 83.5%, Muslim 13%, Roman Catholic 1.5%, others.
Language: Bulgarian (official).
Health: Life expectancy (2001 est.)--male--67.72 years; female--74.89 years. Infant mortality rate (2001 est.)--14.65 deaths/1,000 live births.

Founded in 681,Bulgaria is one of the oldest European states. Bulgaria was converted to Christianity in 865, and established itself as a state.The First Bulgarian Kingdom existed from 681 till 1018. In this period Bulgaria was converted to Christianity (865), and in the 10th century Bulgarian Prince Simeon received a royal sceptre from Constantinople. Bulgaria was recognized as tzardom by the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire. The first translations of the Holy Scriptures from Greek into Slavonic were made in the Old-Bulgarian tongue. Old-Bulgarian became the language of church, literature and administration in a number of Slavic and non-Slavic countries. Having evolved, the Old-Bulgarian alphabet, known as the Cyrillic script, is now used in Bulgaria, Serbia, Belarus, the Ukraine, Russia, etc. Bulgaria is one of the oldest countries in Europe. In 1981its 1300th jubilee was celebrated.

At the start of the 11th century Bulgaria ruled over vast lands stretching from the Black Sea to the Adriatic and from the Carpathians to the Aegean. The few remaining works of the times show that the Bulgarian style of painting originated during the 9th-10th centuries and attained maturity, of which there are fine examples, during the l2th-14th century. In 1018 Emperor Basil II Bulgaroctonus conquered Bulgaria and made it a province of the Byzantine Empire.The Ottoman invasion of the Balkan Peninsula and Bulgaria's ultimate subjection to Ottoman rule in 1396, set hack her development by centuries. The Ottoman Empire was lagging behind both culturally and economically, hampering the manifestation of Bulgarian art and architecture. The deep faith in the national spirit helped to retain the language, religion and customs. In 1762 Paissii of Hilendar wrote his famous Slav-Bulgarian History - the first nationwide call for an upsurge of the enslaved Bulgarian people in whose land the movement of time and history was slowed down. A nationwide movement for economic, social cultural and national liberation was born.

 

 

Bulgarian Tourism - Bulgaria in a click

Електронно издание за събитията в Пловдив и региона с разнообразна информация предназначена за младите хора и тези, които в напрегнатото си ежедневие търсят синтеза на най-значимото от съдбата на града ни.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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